Seeds And Seedlings

 

 

 

There are thousands of varieties of cannabis. Most popular varieties include a combination of two or more of the following, cannabis sativa, cannabis Indica and cannabis Ruderalis. fewer pure Indica, Sativa & or Ruderalis seeds are available. Majority of seeds are bred to grow best indoors. Indoor varieties are easy to acclimate to green house climates. tried and true varieties are available for outdoors, numbers will continue to grow. 

CANNABIS SEEDS AVAILABLE TODAY ARE OF 4 BASIC TYPES:

1.NATURAL– produce separate male and female plants. Space mother natures original seeds. natural or regular seeds require 11 to 12 hours of light and 11 to 12 hours of darkness daily to flower.

2.FEMINIZED– produce 99+ percent female plants. No male plants, male flowers occasionally occur. Female only plants were the first developed in India in 1982.**
feminized seeds require 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness daily to flower. All regular seeds can be feminized.

3.AUTOFLOWERING– ready for harvest 70 to 80 days after germination.seeds contain C. Ruderalis genes mixed with Indica and or sativa genes. auto flowering seeds flower regardless of light regimen.
Feminized seeds have been very popular in Europe since 2008 with the introduction of “lowryder 11” genetics. before they were considered a novelty.New auto flowering very varieties are growing 3 to 4 feet tall. Super auto flowering varieties are growing 6 to 7 feet tall. 

4.AUTOFLOWERING FEMINIZED- produce 99+ percent female plants that flower and are ready for harvest 70 to 110 days after seed germination.seeds contain C.ruderalis genetics mixed with Indica and sativa genetics.
auto flowering feminized varieties flower after 3 to 4 weeks of growth, regardless of light regimen.
Super auto flowering feminized varieties flower after 4 to 5 weeks of growth.

They grow longer and bigger.
F1 hybrid seeds have hybrid vigor.F1 hybrid grow faster and bigger than seeds of non-F1 hybrids.
       

SEEDS

Seeds contain all the genetic characteristics of a plant. Genetic code contained within a plant dictates whether it is a regular feminized or auto flowering or auto flowering feminized. Seeds are the results of  sexual propagation, and contain genes from each parent male and female. Some (intersex) Plants, known as hermaphrodites bear both male and female flowers on the same plant. The genes within a seed also dictates a plant size, disease and pest resistance, root stem, leave and flour production, cannabinoid levels and many other treats.The genetic makeup of a seed is a single most important factor dictating how will a plant will grow under artificial light or natural sunlight and the levels of cannabinoids it will produce.

all seeds have the same basic requirements for germination and seedling growth. Strong healthy parents, proper breeding practices, and excellent care will yield strong seeds that germinate well. Strong seeds produce healthy plants and heavy harvest. Seeds stored under adverse conditions hot, cold, humid or stored to long will germinate slowly and have a high rate of failure. Vigorous seeds will initiate growth within a day or two. Some seeds will take longer to germinate. Seeds that take longer than a month to germinate might always be slow and less productive.

cask or a protective outer shell, on some seeds never properly sealed, which allows moisture and air to penetrate. It also allows hormone concentrations to dissipate and make seeds less viable. Permeable seeds invite diseases and pests to move in. Such seeds are white, immature, fragile and crush easily with slight pressure between finger and thumb. these are weak seeds that do not have enough strength to germinate and grow well.

A simple view of seeds exposes an embryo containing jeans and a supply of food wrapped in a protective outer coating. Seeds range in size from small dark ones from tropical climates two huge seeds bread for hemp oil extraction.mature seeds that are hard, beige, to dark brow, spotted or molted have the highest germination rate. Soft, Pale  or green seeds are usually immature and should be avoided. Immature seeds germinate properly and often produce sickly plants. Healthy, fresh, dry, mature seeds less than a year old sprout quickly and grow robust plants. 

 

Seed Advantages Disadvantages
reg seeds F1 hybrid vigor not F1 hybrids – less vigor
  no diseases slow to start
  easy transport moisture/heat sensitive
  small easy to lose
  genetic expression must cull males
Feminized seeds F1 hybrid vigor not F1 hybrid – less vigor
  all female possible intersex qualities
  use less space expensive
  use less light  
Autoflowering seeds F1 hybrid vigor Not f1 hybrid – less vigor
  flower in 70+ days could produce poorly
  flower in summer must remove males
    difficult to clone effectively
Autoflowering fem seeds F1 hybrid vigor Not F1 hybrids – less vigor
  flower in 70+ days may produce poorly
  flower in summer difficult to produce seeds
  99% female difficult to clone effectively

seedlings are less work to grow outdoors because branches are usually farther apart at first. Clones grow to densely from the bottom and require more pruning work.

Seeds from a reputable seed company Germinate  into about half female and half male plants. Some plans will be small, others will be strong healthy & cannabinoid potent females. these “super” females, , One will be more robust &  cannabinoid potent than her siblings.  This super female is selected to be the mother of future super clones. Scientific studies show a minimal waiting of averages that favor 16 or the other. This could be based on various factors including the external to the genes that and phenotypic control of gene expression. 

Normally all the seats are germinated and planted. males and weak plants or cold. The best female or a clone of the female is often retained as a mother plant. The mother cant be chosen until harvest. Two scenarios are possible, re-vegetation or taking cuttings from desirable females before they flower. plants grown out are big by the time the desirable females and corresponding clones are chosen from other plants.

 

SEED GERMINATION

cannabis seeds need only water, sheet, and air to break dormancy and germinate, they do not need extra hormones, fertilizers, or additives.seeds sprout without light in a range of temperatures. Strong, viable, properly nurtured seeds germinate in 2 to 7 days. Germination the outside protective shell of the seed splits, and a tiny, white sprout radical pops out. This sprout is the root or taproot. Cotyledon, seed Leaves emerge on a stem from within the show as they push upward in search of light.

Break dormancy, put newly harvested seeds in the refrigerator for a week or two to simulate winter. Remove and germinate. Seeds will germinate more uniformly because they all come out of dormancy at the same time.

 

TIMELINE FOR GERMINATING MOST SEEDS;

(36 to 96 Hours) : Water is absorbed , root tip (radicle) pops through outer shell and is visible. 
(10 to 14 days) : first roots and root hairs become visible.
(21 to 30 days) : at least half of seeds are rooted by day 21. Seeds not rooted by day 30 will probably grow slowly. One

seeds are rooted, so gross accelerates, stem, foliage, and roots develop quickly. Seedlings develop into for vegetative growth within 4 to 6 weeks of germination. 
SEEDS ARE PROMPTED TO GERMINATE BY;    

– Water   

-temperature    

– air (oxygen) 

 

Water

Soaking seeds in water allows moisture to penetrate the protective seed show within minutes. Once inside, moisture continues to work and to activate the dormant hormones. In a few days, hormones activate and send enough signals to produce an initial root tip. The white radical root lit emerges to bring a new plant into the world. Once a seed is moist, it must receive a constant flow of moisture to transport nutrients, hormones, and water so that I can carry on life processes. some seeds need lots of moisture to wash out the dormancy hormones in the seed coat, and if they do not get enough moisture, they do not germinate. Conversely, too much water deprive the seed of oxygen, reducing its quality or destroying it. If fragile germinated seeds are allowed to suffer a moisture stress now, seedling growth will be stunted stunted. soaking most seeds in water for 12 to 24 hours is all they need to initiate germination.


 All the nourishment for a seeds initial growth requirement is pulled from the fleshy cotyledons, or seed leaves. 

Water seedlings with low – AC electrical conductivity household tap water during the first week or two of life. Supplemental nutrients are unnecessary and if applied in excess can disrupt internal seed chemistry. Some gardeners prefer to germinate seeds using distilled or purified water that contains virtually no dissolved solids.